Surcharges | B2B Finance Glossary
What Are Surcharges?
A surcharge is an additional fee, charge, or tax that is added to the cost of a good or service. Surcharges are typically not quoted in the original price of the sold item and are usually added during checkout.
The exact amount of every surcharge varies. It can either be a fixed amount or a percentage of the total amount of the purchase itself. Surcharges are only added to the retail price of the purchase, so it is not taxable. This charge will always appear as a separate line item on your receipt. The calculated surcharge fee will appear in the contract or sales and purchase agreement (SPA).
What Types of Entities Impose Surcharges?
Many entities– governments, businesses, and service professionals – will impose surcharges. Industries, including travel, telecom, and cable, will add surcharges to offset the cost of essential things they will inevitably have to spend money on, such as fuel or regulatory fees imposed by the government through local, state, or federal regulations. Often, when these costs increase, companies might adjust surcharge amounts instead of the price of the products or services themselves.
For example, cab drivers may add a fuel surcharge of $1 if gas prices increase. Additionally, cable companies might add regulatory recovery fees to their customers’ bills to offset the burden of specific service fees imposed by government entities. Other examples include emergency service fees on phone services, disposal and handling fees for electronics, hazardous waste disposal fees at the veterinarian’s office, and minimum transaction fees or interchange fee charges for debit or credit card payments. In this way, the fees are passed along to the customers but more directly than if the product or service itself was marked up to cover the cost of the business.
What Are Credit Card Surcharges?
Some merchants elect to add credit card surcharges to purchases to cover the cost of interchange fees. Interchange fees are the transaction fees taken from the merchant whenever a customer uses a credit card to make a purchase. These fees go to the card networks to cover the cost of processing payments, guarding against fraud, and covering any transaction risks. Interchange fees can be as high as 3.5%, meaning merchants might charge a surcharge fee of 3.5% to cover the cost of the interchange fee. However, it’s important to note that merchants who choose to surcharge must follow consumer disclosure and other requirements agreed to as part of the settlement. On top of that, depending on the card network they’re working with, merchants must notify the network of their intent to add surcharges at least thirty days before surcharging.
While adding surcharges to cover the cost of interchange fees is not considered illegal, there are certain jurisdictions within the US where companies cannot pass these fees to customers. These areas include Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Puerto Rico.
On the other hand, anti-surcharging laws cannot be enforced in California, Kansas, Maine, Florida, New York, Oklahoma, Texas, and Utah. In 2017, the Supreme Court prohibited New York State from stopping credit card surcharges, ruling that the fees fall under free and protected speech for credit card companies.
What Are Bank Surcharges?
When consumers use their payment cards at an automated teller machine (more commonly known as an ATM), they must pay a fee to withdraw their cash. This fee is a surcharge, shown as a set dollar amount per transaction. ATM fees are often levied by the bank or another institution that owns and operates the machine, but most ATM providers waive fees for customers of the sponsoring ATM.
What Is a Broadcast TV Surcharge?
TV networks can impose broadcast TV surcharges on cable providers to carry their signals over the airwaves. Federal law ensures that these fees are negotiable between networks and cable companies. Instead of increasing the price of the entire service, the surcharge is passed on to cable company customers each month.
Why Is it Important to Understand Surcharges?
Many customers accept surcharges without thinking much about them or why an added cost is tacked onto their purchase. Businesses and consumers must understand surcharges and their origins for budgeting and accounting purposes. Remember, surcharges are either a fixed amount or a percentage of the purchase price. They come in many forms, including handling, service, disposal, and processing fees. The service provider or another entity, including the government, may impose them.
While surcharges are unavoidable for many customers, understanding where they come from and what they entail can help when it comes to strategically planning your finances.